You may have heard that you should avoid bright lights before bed. While this is good advice, it turns out that some colors of light may disrupt your sleep more than others.
Your body natural sleep-wake cycles are largely controlled by a hormone called melatonin. Specialized photoreceptors in your eyes send information back to your brain and influence your production of melatonin.
According to a 2017 review of studies, research has found that these receptors are most sensitive to light with wavelengths around 450 to 480 nanometers (nm). To most people, this light appears blue.
There’s still a limited amount of research looking at the effects of other light colors on our sleep cycles. However, there’s some evidence that warm colors may help lull you to sleep more quickly than cool colors.
Let’s take a look at which colors have the potential to lull you to sleep the quickest and which might have you tossing and turning all night.
Up until now, most studies examining the best types of lights to stimulate sleep have been performed on rodents. However, because rodents are nocturnal and color-blind, it’s hard to draw conclusions from these studies.
Limited research of humans has suggested some evidence that red light may help stimulate sleep. There’s also some evidence that individual preference may also play a role.
Since pink light is made up of a combination of red and purple light waves, it could also be beneficial — in theory. However, there’s no research backing the claim at this time.
It’s thought that colors close to red on the light spectrum might stimulate melatonin production. However, at this time, more research is needed to support this theory.
The researchers found that after 14 days, participants who received light therapy improved their sleep quality and melatonin levels significantly compared to participants not exposed to any light.
One 2017 study on mice found that red light at an intensity of 10 lux or higher had the potential to induce sleep. The researchers noted that light under 10 lux had no effect.
Another 2017 study found evidence that individual taste may also play a role in determining which color light is best for inducing sleep. In the study, researchers ran two different experiments.
In the first experiment, participants were exposed to white light, a random color, or their self-selected preferred color. The researchers observed that participants exposed to their preferred light color fell asleep significantly quicker.
|Color||Time to fall asleep|
|random nonpreferred color||18.1 minutes|
|preferred color||11.8 minutes|
In the second experiment, the researchers also included a group that was only exposed to darkness.
Once again, the researchers found that the group exposed to their preferred color fell asleep significantly quicker than participants in the other groups.
|Color||Time to fall asleep|
|random nonpreferred color||16.8 minutes|
|preferred color||12.3 minutes|
Babies and children seem to also be negatively impacted before bed by blue and white lights. That’s why warmer colors are often recommended for night lights.
A 2018 study examined the impact of two colors of light — whitish-blue and yellow — on the sleepiness levels of children and adults.
The researchers found that children had greater melatonin suppression than adults in both cases, but their melatonin was even more suppressed when exposed to yellow light.
Some people worry that exposing infants to bright lights at night while nursing could negatively impact their health. However, one 2016 study of 42 infants found that brief exposures (fewer than 15 minutes) didn’t have any negative impact on the babies’ health.
It’s well-documented that exposure to blue light can negatively impact your sleep quality. Electronic screens, LED lights, and fluorescent lights can all contain blue light.
The same 2016 study found that violet light could have a similar effect as blue light. However, there’s been no research on the effect of violet light in humans.
Many factors can impact the quality of your sleep. Here are some tips to help you sleep better.
Habits to minimize:
- exposure to electronic screens, such as phones or television, before bed
- ingesting caffeine late in the day
- drinking too much water before bed
- consuming alcohol
- going to bed and waking at irregular times
- long naps during the day
Habits that may improve sleep:
There’s some evidence that red light may induce sleepiness. However, more human research is needed to back this theory.
It’s well-documented that blue light can have a negative impact on your melatonin levels.
Exposure to green and purple light could also potentially hinder your ability to fall asleep, but more research is needed to fully understand their effects.
- Kaneshi Y, et al. (2016). Influence of light exposure at nighttime on sleep development and body growth of preterm infants.
- Lee S, et al. (2017). Effect of color light stimulation using LED on sleep induction time.
- Lee S, et al. (2018). Melatonin suppression and sleepiness in children exposed to blue-enriched white LED lighting at night.
- Pilorz V, et al. (2016). Melanopsin regulates both sleep-promoting and arousal-promoting responses to light.
- Shechter A, et al. (2018). Blocking nocturnal blue light for insomnia: A randomized controlled trial.
- Zhang Z, et al. (2017). Red light at intensities above 10 lx alters sleep-wake behavior in mice. DOI:
- Zhao J, et al. (2012). Red light and the sleep quality and endurance performance of Chinese female basketball players. DOI: