According to the Centers for Disease Control, almost 70% of school-aged children get insufficient amounts of sleep, and this lack of sleep has been linked to behavior problems, poor school performance, drug use, depression and automobile accidents. A study performed by the Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has shown that exposure to morning short-wavelength blue light may potentially help adolescents be better prepared for the challenges of the day and can help them deal with stress, especially in contrast to when they are exposed to dim light.
Mariana Figueiro, Associate Professor and Director of the LRC Light and Health Program, explains that morning light exposure may help to wake the body up when it is time to be active, thus preparing individuals for any environmental stress they may experience throughout the day. This information can have important implications on lighting in educational facilities.
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BLUE LIGHT COULD HELP TEENS COMBAT STRESS
The study was a collaboration between Associate Professor and Director of the LRC Light and Health Program Mariana Figueiro and LRC Director and Professor Mark S. Rea. Results of the study titled “Short-Wavelength Light Enhances Cortisol Awakening Response in Sleep-Restricted Adolescents,” were recently published in the open access International Journal of Endocrinology (http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ije/2012/301935/).
Levels of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland, follow a daily 24-hour rhythm. Cortisol concentrations are low throughout the day reaching a broad minimum in the evening before rising slowly again throughout the night. In addition to this gradual elevation of cortisol at night, cortisol levels rise sharply within the first 30 to 60 minutes after waking. This is known as the cortisol awakening response (CAR). In nocturnal animals, the cortisol spike occurs at night, at the start of activity. It appears to be associated with the time of transition from rest to activity, upon waking. A high CAR has been associated with better preparedness for stressful and challenging activities.
“The present results are the first to show that low levels of short-wavelength light enhance CAR in adolescents who were restricted from sleep,” said Figueiro. “Morning light exposure may help to wake up the body when it is time to be active, thus preparing individuals for any environmental stress they might experience.”
Short-wavelength light has been shown to maximally suppress production of nocturnal melatonin and phase shift the timing of the biological clock. The effect of short-wavelength light on other biomarkers has not been widely studied.
The study included three overnight sessions, at least one week apart. All participants wore a Dimesimeter (http://www.lrc.rpi.edu/programs/lightHealth/projects/Dimesimeter.asp) on a wristband to measure light exposure and to verify the regularity of their activity/rest periods during the 3-week study. The Dimesimeter is a small calibrated light meter device developed by the LRC that continuously records circadian light and activity levels. During the study, adolescents aged 12 to 17 years went to sleep at 1:30 am and woke up at 6:00 am, a 4.5-hour sleep opportunity. Each week, participants either experienced morning short-wavelength blue light (40 lux of 470- nanometer light) or remained in dim light.
“We found that exposure to short-wavelength blue light in the morning significantly enhances CAR in sleep deprived adolescents, more so than dim light,” said Rea. “Morning exposure to short-wavelength light may be a simple, yet practical way to better prepare adolescents for the challenges of the day.”
About the Lighting Research Center
The Lighting Research Center (LRC) is part of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute of Troy, New York, and is the leading university-based research center devoted to lighting. The LRC offers the world’s premier graduate education in lighting, including 1- and 2-year master’s programs and a PhD program. Since 1988 the LRC has built an international reputation as a reliable source for objective information about lighting technologies, applications, and products. The LRC also provides training programs for government agencies, utilities, contractors, lighting designers, and other lighting professionals.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, founded in 1824, is the nation’s oldest technological university. The Institute is well known for its success in the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace so that new discoveries and inventions benefit human life, protect the environment, and strengthen economic development.
Source: www.lrc.rpi.edu (http://www.lrc.rpi.edu/?sourceid=lightingdotcom)
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The study was funded by Sharp Laboratories of America.